RAKU, means "enjoy a day"....
from East to West, a wonderful Technique, inspired to Zen Philosophy
RAKU means "joy" or "easy"....
living therefore in harmony with the things and the men.
It represents in the ceramics an important experience
and moment of culture that approaches in special way the artist
the determining elements that constitute the essence of the man,
earth water and fire.
It previews a series of so to speak violent operations that assure the every uniqueness of single work: from the still warm furnace the incandescent ceramics are extracted that come inserted in full metallic fuel containers (paper, straw, sawdust, etc...) and therefore covered. In this way one is created strongly reduction that provokes the formation of reflected had to the reaction of metallic oxides presents in enamels and the clay. The cooling process determines the final result of the ware one, always little expectable assuring the every oneness of single piece. Object RAKU is born and confirmation like a simple product in the shape and subject to great chance in the realization procedure, baking and cooling. From here the preciosity of object RAKU, in its simple shape and the chance of the colours.
RAKU philosophy and legend...
RAKU is one technical of baking that laughed them to XVI the century and is born in Japan. It had origin in combination with an important moment of the Japanese life and culture, the ceremony of the tea. The ceremony finds its origins in the Zen philosophy and the influence that the Buddismo has had in the custom and the culture Japanese. The tea to the beginning it was much rare one and it came only used in the monastery from the Buddhist monks in order to help itself to be awake during the long meditations. The Ceremony from precious moment how much rare one, became in the centuries more and more diffuse, extending gradually in the traditions of the several social classes. This originated the necessity to satisfy the demanded crescent of the Japanese market of wares and tools for the ceremony of the tea, increasing the amount and the times of production.
It is narrated in fact of a potter who in the XVI sec. in the Saint city of KYOTO was person in charge to produce numerous cups for the tea and began therefore to reduce the times of baking and to take out of the kiln the cups one of continuation to the other with of the iron pliers, without more to respect the times than cooling. One noticed that the fast extraction from the furnace (from 900° to ambient temperature) and therefore the express cooling of enamels, caused to colours and only and always various oxidations.
RAKU. The history.
The origin of the ceramics and name RAKU derives from the encounter between the potter Chojiro, lived in XVI the century in the city of Kyoto, and master Sen Rikyu, founder of the ceremony of the tea (cha-noyu). Chojiro began to make cups for this single ceremony which a particular one was given in the meant time. Still today the offer of the tea cup and the drink assume a fundamental aspect of the life and the Japanese culture. The offer of one cup of the perfumed drink that it possesses medicinal virtues assumed the characters of one ceremony, with one complex series of formality and sophisticated details in order to catch up a harmonic beauty, creating therefore an atmosphere of peace and spiritual tranquillity between guest and the head of household. To the beginning Ima Yaki (cooked) later on Juraku yaki (ceramics Juraku now was called) then added to the name Raku yaki (ceramics Raku) or Raku chawan (Raku cup) when the governor delivered the stamp with ideograph the Raku to Chojiro. The Raku term derives also from Juraku, name of the area where the castle rose that designated the clay captured in that zone. Later on Raku became the last name of the family of Chojiro. The first family of potters who had the feudal concession in order to produce this ware type of. This production must have determines requirement dictates to you to you from the masters of the ceremony. Today, in the Japanese ceramics, Raku represents the tradition that is handed on uninterruptedly in the same dynasty from 15 generations. The potters masters who of father in son handed on the art orally to make this type of ceramics maintained the secrets of the working and the manipulation of enamels, the clay and the backings. In the years the Sixty Raku ceramics is landed in the West, through the written ones of an English artist and potter Bernard Leach, in which the author tells as he has known for before turns this way particular to make ceramics.... Leach narrates of to have been invited to one risen of garden party in the house of a its friend artist to Tokio, with to other artists. Re-united in it knows it of the tea were capacities colours and paint-brushes and it invited to write or to leave a sign everyone to you on the own cup. They would have been cooked within an hour using a furnace to coal that was while preparing outside in the garden. With its great surprise the cup were not broken off and in the little time had been possible to touch with own the hands the object and to admire of the wonderful colours and shadings (...) the search on this technique began therefore its spread in England and above all in the USA where the ancient technique of manipulation of the clay and baking has been renewed and re-invented. That has provoked a removal from the tradition, but at the same time it has favourite its spread and the continuous search and experimentation.